Unikraft on Google Cloud Platform
Google Cloud Platform (GCP) is a suite of cloud computing services that provides a series of modular services including computing, data storage, data analytics, and machine learning.
Unikraft KVM images can easily be deployed to GCP by using the deployment script found in the
As a prerequisite, it is expected that a Unikraft structure is initialized on your machine with the following structure:
~/.unikraft ├── apps ├── archs ├── libs ├── plats └── unikraft
Create a Unikraft KVM Image
Open a terminal window and access the
$ cd ~/.unikraft/apps
$ kraft init -t helloworld helloworld && \ cd helloworld/
Configure the Unikraft image to target KVM:
$ kraft configure -p kvm -m x86_64
Build the application:
$ kraft build
Our built Unikraft image can now be found within the
/build-directory and can be tested locally with:
$ kraft run
Before installing any GCP-related tools, make sure to register a Google Cloud account here.
After you’ve successfully created a new Google Cloud account, make sure to download the
gcloud CLI by following the Installation Guide. Once the
gcloud CLI is installed you need to connect it to your Google Cloud account:
$ gcloud init
Use the Unikraft Cloud Script
Use the terminal to go to your
$ cd ~/.unikraft/plats
$ git clone https://github.com/unikraft/plat-gcp.git && \ cd plat-gcp
deploy-unikraft-gcp.sh into an executable:
$ chmod +x scripts/deploy-unikraft-gcp.sh
--help to better understand the capabilities of the script:
$ ./scripts/deploy-unikraft-gcp.sh --help ./scripts/deploy-unikraft-gcp.sh: illegal option -- - usage: ./scripts/deploy-unikraft-gcp.sh [-h] [-v] -k <unikernel> -b <bucket> [-n <name>] [-z <zone>] [-i <instance-type>] [-t <tag>] [-v] [-s] Mandatory Args: <unikernel>: Name/Path of the unikernel.(Please use "KVM" target images) <bucket>: GCP bucket name Optional Args: <name>: Image name to use on the cloud (default: unikraft) <zone>: GCP zone (default: europe-west3-c) <instance-type>: Specify the type of the machine on which you wish to deploy the unikernel (default: f1-micro) <tag>: Tag is used to identify the instances when adding network firewall rules (default: http-server) <-v>: Turns on verbose mode <-s>: Automatically starts an instance on the cloud
Deploy to GCP
Now that everything is initialized and configured, we are ready to deploy our KVM image to GCP. Use the script to deploy the image:
$ ./scripts/deploy-unikraft-gcp.sh -k ~/.unikraft/apps/helloworld/build/helloworld_kvm-x86_64 -b unikraft-helloworld Deploying unikraft-1643910092.img on Google Cloud... Name : unikraft-1643910092 Bucket: unikraft-helloworld Zone : europe-west3-c Creating disk partitions.................[OK] Installing boot loader...................[OK] Creating bootable disk image.............[OK] Uploading disk to the cloud..............[OK] Creating image on the cloud..............[OK] Cleaning temporary files.................[OK] To run the instance on GCP, use following command- gcloud compute instances -q create unikraft-1643910092 --image unikraft-1643910092 --machine-type f1-micro --zone europe-west3-c --tags http-server NOTE: 1) To see the GCP system console log, use following command- gcloud compute instances get-serial-port-output unikraft-1643910092 --zone=europe-west3-c 2) GCP takes some time to initialise the instance and start the booting process, If there is no output on serial console, Please run it again in few secs 3) Don't forget to customise GCP with proper firewall settings (if no --tags are given), as the default one won't let any inbound traffic in.
The image can now be found within the Images page on Compute Engine.
To run the instance on GCP use the command found in the output from the previous command. In our case this is:
$ gcloud compute instances -q create unikraft-1643910092 --image unikraft-1643910092 --machine-type f1-micro --zone europe-west3-c --tags http-server Created [https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/<project-name>/zones/europe-west3-c/instances/unikraft-1643910092]. NAME ZONE MACHINE_TYPE PREEMPTIBLE INTERNAL_IP EXTERNAL_IP STATUS unikraft-1643910092 europe-west3-c f1-micro 10.156.0.2 22.214.171.124 RUNNING
A new instance is now running on GCP and can be found under VM Instances in the Compute Engine.
A complementary Disk has also been created.
In order to avoid running costs, it is important to clean up our experiments:
- Stop running instance at https://console.cloud.google.com/compute/instances
- Delete the stopped instance
- Delete the image from at https://console.cloud.google.com/compute/images?tab=images